Vascular access problems are the most common reason for hospitalization among people on haemodialysis. Common problems include infection, blockage caused by clotting, and poor blood flow. These problems can hinder your treatments from being effective. You may need to undergo repeated surgeries in order to get a properly functioning access. Therefore, a daily check of your vascular access for signs of infections or clotting is essential.
Other problems can be caused by rapid changes in your body's water and chemical balance during treatment. Muscle cramps and hypotension (low blood pressure) are two common side effects. Low blood pressure can make you feel weak, dizzy, or sick to your stomach. It is also possible for hypertension (high blood pressure) to occur during dialysis treatment. Sometimes, the immune system reacts to the synthetic membrane inside the dialyser. This is comparable to an allergic reaction.
You'll probably need a few months to adjust to haemodialysis. Side effects can often be treated quickly and easily so you should always report them to your doctor and/or dialysis staff. You can avoid many side effects if you follow a proper diet, limit your liquid intake, and take your medication as directed.
- Content last updated
- Schönweiss G: Dialysefibel 3. abakiss Verlag